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WHO recommendations for the population in connection with the spread of the new coronavirus (2019-nCoV): myths and misconceptions

WHO recommendations for the population in connection with the spread of the new coronavirus (2019-nCoV): myths and misconceptions

Photo: www.who.int

Exposure on humans to the sun or temperature above 25o C is NOT a means of preventing coronavirus disease (COVID-19)

COVID-19 can get sick no matter how sunny or hot the weather is. Countries with hot climates also report cases of COVID-19. To protect yourself, you need to wash your hands frequently and thoroughly and not touch your eyes, mouth and nose.

Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is a treatable disease. Infection with a new coronavirus infection does NOT mean that a person becomes a lifelong carrier of the virus.

Most people who have infected COVID-19 can recovering and the virus can be removed from the body. If you have first symptoms it should be treated in health facilities. If you have a cough, an elevated body temperature and difficulty breathing, you should immediately seek medical attention, starting with contacting the medical establishment by phone. Thanks to supportive therapy, many patients recover.

Try to hold your breath for 10 seconds or more if it without causing cough or discomfort, IT DON'T MEAN the absence of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) or other pulmonary disease.

The most common symptoms of COVID-19 are dry cough, fatigue and elevated body temperature. Some suffer from COVID-19 in a more severe form, such as pneumonia. The most accurate way to confirm infection with the COVID-19 virus is through a laboratory test. It is impossible to confirm the infection with the aforementioned breathings exercise, which can lead to dangerous consequences.

How does virus enter body?

How does virus enter body?

Drinking alcohol does not protect against COVID-19 and can be dangerous.

Frequent or excessive use of alcohol increases the risk of health problems.

The transmission of the viral pathogen COVID-19 occurs in areas with hot humid climates.

Currently available, the transmission of the viral pathogen COVID-19 may occur in ANY DISTRICTS, including areas with hot humid climates. If you live or are on your way to the area where COVID-19 cases are reported, take protection measures regardless of climatic conditions. Regular hand washing is the best way to individual protect. This measure eliminates possible viral hand contamination and avoids infection if you touch your eyes, mouth or nose.

Staying outdoors in cold and snowy weather DON'T HELP destroy the new coronavirus (2019-nCoV)

The body temperature of a healthy person is kept between 36.5 and 37 degrees Celsius, regardless of ambient temperature or weather. Therefore, there is no reason to believe that cold weather helps to fight a new coronavirus infection or other diseases. The most effective way to prevent a new coronavirus infection (2019-nCoV) is to regularly hand-washing with alcohol-containing antiseptic means or washing them with soap and water.

Hot tub won't help against new coronavirus infection

Taking a hot tub will not save you from COVID-19 infection. Normal body temperature is kept between 36.5 degrees and 37 degrees of Celsius, regardless of the temperature of the water in the bath or shower. On the contrary, taking too hot a bath can cause harm and cause burns. The best way to protect yourself from COVID-19 is to wash your hands frequently. This will eliminate viruses that may be on the skin and avoid infection if you touch the eyes, mouth or nose.

New coronavirus NOT PASS through mosquito bites

The new coronavirus is a respiratory virus, mainly transmitted by airborne droplets, i.e. by inhalation of drops released from the patient's airways, such as coughing or sneezing, as well as drops of saliva or discharge from the nose. At the moment, there is no information about the possibility of transmission of the virus 2019-nCoV through mosquito bites. To protect against infection, it is necessary to keep a distance from people who have a cough or fever, as well as to observe the rules of hand hygiene and respiratory hygiene.

Is it true that hand dryers can destroy the 2019-nCoV virus?

No. Hand dryers do not kill the 2019-nCoV virus. To prevent a new coronavirus infection, it is necessary to regularly process hands with alcohol-containing antiseptic or wash them with soap and water. Washed hands should be carefully dried with paper towels or an electric dryer.

Is it true that an ultraviolet disinfection lamp (UV lamp) can destroy a new coronavirus (nCoV)?

UV lamps should not be used to sterilize hands or other areas of the skin, as ultraviolet radiation can cause erythema (irritation) of the skin.

It is recommended that you review the list of all preventive measures to protect against the new coronavirus.

How effectively do body scanners detect those infected with the new coronavirus (COVID-19)?

Thermal scanners can effectively detect people who have developed fever (increased body temperature) as a result of infection with the new coronavirus (COVID-19).

However, it is not possible to identify infected people before the fever stage. From the moment of infection to the temperature increase takes from two to ten days.

Is it true that the treatment of the entire body surface with ethanol or chlorine lime allows the destruction of a new coronavirus (nCoV)?

No. The treatment of the whole body with alcohol or chlorine lime will not destroy viruses that have already penetrated the body. Spraying of such substances can harm clothing and mucous membranes (i.e. eyes, mouth). It should be remembered that both alcohol and chlorine lime can be effective means of disinfecting surfaces, but they should be used in appropriate cases and in compliance with the rules.

There are a number of preventive measures in place to protect against a new coronavirus infection. First, you need to regularly process your hands with alcohol-containing antiseptic or wash them with soap and water.

Do the new coronavirus protect against pneumonia?

Pneumonia vaccines, such as the pneumococcal vaccine or the haemophilic B (Hib-vaccine) vaccine, do not protect against the new coronavirus.

This virus is fundamentally different from everyone else's, and it requires a special vaccine. Scientists are currently trying to develop a vaccine against the 2019-nCoV virus, and WHO is helping them.

Although these vaccines are not effective against the 2019-nCoV virus, vaccination against other respiratory diseases is still highly recommended.

Can regular nasal washing with salt solution protect against infection with a new coronavirus?

No. There is no scientific evidence that regular nasal washing with salt solution helps protect against a new coronavirus infection.

According to some reports, regular nasal washing with saline solution can speed recovery in a common cold. However, there is no evidence of the effectiveness of regular nasal washing as a means of preventing respiratory infections.

Does garlic protect against infection with a new coronavirus?

Garlic is a healthy product with certain antimicrobial properties. However, during the current outbreak, no evidence has been received of the effectiveness of garlic use as a means of preventing infection with the new coronavirus.

Is it true that only the elderly can become infected with the new coronavirus, or are young people also susceptible to the infection?

People of all ages can become infected with the new coronavirus (2019-nCoV). Older people and people with certain diseases (e.g. asthma, diabetes, heart disease) appear to be at increased risk of developing severe forms of coronavirus infection.

WHO recommends that people of all ages take measures to protect themselves from infection, for example through hand hygiene and cough hygiene.

Are antibiotics an effective way to prevent and treat a new coronavirus infection?

No, antibiotics don't work against viruses. They only treat bacterial infections.

The new coronavirus (2019-nCoV) is a virus, and therefore antibiotics should not be used to prevent and treat coronavirus infection.

However, patients hospitalized with the 2019-nCoV infection may be prescribed antibiotics to treat co-bacterial infections.

Are there medicines designed to prevent or treat a new coronavirus infection?

At the moment, there are no recommended medicines intended to prevent or treat infection caused by the new coronavirus (2019-nCoV).

However, infected patients should be given the necessary medical care to relieve symptoms, and those with severe forms of the disease should be provided with appropriate supportive therapy. Work is currently under way to develop specific medicines against the new coronavirus and will undergo clinical trials. WHO is working with a number of partners to accelerate the development of new medicines.

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