Khusnullin will hold a meeting to study the possibility of building desalination plants in Crimea
Deputy Prime Minister noted that funding for the region's water program will not be reduced due to the refusal of desalination
SIMFEROPOL, October 31. / TASS /. Russian Deputy Prime Minister Marat Khusnullin will hold a meeting to study the possibility of building desalination plants in Crimea, he told reporters on Saturday following a meeting with members of the Crimean government.
Earlier Khusnullin on the air of the Russia-24 TV channel reported that Rosgeology specialists are confident in the possibility of supplying the Crimean Peninsula with water using local sources, therefore, the use of desalination plants can only occur as a last resort.
"Next week we will hold another meeting with all potential participants in this process, we will weigh again, calculate how much it will cost (construction of desalination plants). In addition to the installation itself, we need to look at a fairly deep release of this brine into the sea. We need to see how it will happen. supply to the grid, electricity supply. They are very energy-intensive. We do not stop this option for a single day. We will work out, calculate. We make a feasibility study. work ", - said Khusnullin.
According to him, the construction of desalination plants is a novelty for Russia. "Something new always causes risks. It [the installation] has a fairly high cost - both at the cost of the installation itself, and at the further tariff. Although, if we initially started, it was generally more than 100 rubles per liter. Now the figures that colleagues call , already closer to the prices that exist in the Crimea, "he said.
There will be no sharp increase in tariffs
In turn, the head of Crimea, Sergei Aksenov, noted that there would be no sharp increase in water tariffs for the population in the event of the construction of desalination plants in Crimea. "There will be no colossal growth in tariff policy. Today, the cost of one cubic meter of water in Crimea is 31.55 rubles. On average, in the Southern Federal District, water costs 36 rubles per cubic meter. Today, in fact, we have one of the lowest rates in the Southern Federal District ", - assured Aksenov.
According to him, if two years ago the cost of one cubic meter of water obtained from desalination plants was calculated in the region of 100 rubles and more, now experts estimate the cost of one cubic meter of desalinated water from 40 to 60 rubles.
"If we compensate the difference in tariff from the budget at current prices, it will be 300 million rubles a year at a rate of 68 rubles per cubic meter," he said.
Financing the water program
Khusnullin also noted that funding for the Crimean water program will not be reduced due to the refusal of desalination. "We have 48 billion provided for, and we will not redirect them anywhere. The money will not go anywhere. After all, today we are talking about Simferopol, we have an acute problem here. But in general, the problem must be solved comprehensively - both water and water treatment throughout the republic," - he said.
Khusnullin recalled that the desalination technology needs a serious environmental review. He also admitted the possibility that additional funding would be needed to modernize the Crimean water supply infrastructure. "We will continue to work on this, and I think that further money will be needed additionally," the deputy prime minister added.
Groundwater storage data
He said that by the end of 2020 they will receive data on groundwater reserves in Crimea. Rosgeologia, on the basis of data obtained back in the USSR, says that the reserves are quite large. Different figures are called - 1.3-1.7 million cubic meters. But finally, where and in what place, how much we can get, it will be clear in a first approximation at the end of December, when we get drilled on the wells existing today and understand what the water flow rate is and whether we can additionally supply it to the network in the same volume, - said Khusnullin.
According to him, during the meeting on the water supply of Crimea, additional deposits were discussed, which are indicated on the maps, but have not yet been explored. "They also need to be actively explored in order to understand what kind of water supply there is," Khusnullin stressed.
At the same time, he noted that there are fears of salinization of the wells and their drying out. "There are such concerns, so we will involve science, of course, environmentalists ...", - he said, noting that the issue of installing desalination plants is being considered in parallel.
Water supply of Crimea
On September 7, in Simferopol and 39 settlements of the Simferopol and Bakhchisarai districts, the third and most severe stage of restrictions on water supply began due to drought and the shallowing of the Ayan, Partizansk and Simferopol reservoirs. Drinking water is supplied hourly in the morning and evening. The demand of the city's almost 400 thousand inhabitants is 160 thousand cubic meters per day, now about 100 thousand cubic meters are supplied. An additional 10 thousand cubic meters of water per day will be supplied to the water supply system of Simferopol within a month. Another 30 thousand cubic meters per day are expected to be delivered by the end of January.
The problem of water supply and irrigation of land in Crimea arose in 2014, when Ukraine unilaterally cut off water from the Kherson region supplied through the North Crimean canal, which provided up to 90% of the peninsula's needs. Now residents and enterprises of the region receive water from local sources. At the same time, the current year turned out to be very dry, which led to a shortage of water.
The government of the Russian Federation will allocate more than 48 billion rubles until 2024 inclusively to solve the problem of water shortages in the Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol. The comprehensive plan, prepared on behalf of the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin, must provide an additional water supply in the amount of at least 310 thousand cubic meters per day and includes 14 events.
Changes were made to the news (15:38 Moscow time) - details were added after the fourth paragraph.